Posted in Yoga School Rishikesh

वृत्तयः पञ्चतय्यः क्लिष्टा अक्लिष्टाः॥५॥ प्रमाणविपर्ययविकल्पनिद्रास्मृतयः॥६॥


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Patanjali yoga sutras, sutra no- 5,6,7.

वृत्तयः पञ्चतय्यः क्लिष्टा अक्लिष्टाः॥५॥
Vṛttayaḥ pañcatayyaḥ kliṣṭā akliṣṭāḥ||5||

क्लिष्टा ,kliṣṭā- Painful.
अक्लिष्टाः,akliṣṭāḥ -Not-painful.

वृत्तयः, Vṛttayaḥ – Thought.
पञ्चतय्यः, pañcatayyaḥ – They are five types.

The painful and not painful modifications are five types.

प्रमाणविपर्ययविकल्पनिद्रास्मृतयः॥६॥
Pramāṇaviparyayavikalpanidrāsmṛtayaḥ||6||

प्रमाण,Pramāṇa – Right knowledge, real cognition.
विपर्यय,viparyaya- Unreal cognition, indiscrimination.
विकल्प,vikalpa- Imagination, Verbal delusion.
निद्रा,nidrā- Deepsleep.
स्मृतयः,smṛtayaḥ- Memory.

प्रत्यक्षानुमानागमाः प्रमाणानि॥७॥
Pratyakṣānumānāgamāḥ pramāṇāni||7||

प्रत्यक्ष-प्रमाण ( Direct perception)- When one acquires knowledge as it’s without
obstruction that is direct perception ‘ Right knowledge’. To see things as they are.

For an instance- I am teaching or i am giving a lecture and students are acquiring
direct knowledge. It’s direct perception, they are experiencing it. It is real cognition.
The knowledge that is useful or helpful to restrain vritties of the mind, by which one reverence and enthusiasm increases in the yoga sadhana those vritties are not painful.

अनुमान-प्रमाण- Inference
For an instance- Inference there is fire by  seeing smoke in the mountain. it’s inference knowledge. If these inferences also increase reverence and enthusiasm in the yoga then these are not painful vritties.

If these inferences increase nescience in the yoga sadhana then these are painful
vritties

अगम-प्रमाण ‘Aaagama parmana’ – Competent evidence

The wisdom ‘Knowledge’ of vedas, scriptures, The words of the worldly minded
people and those who has achieved that state of peace where even अनुमान can’t
reach, that competent knowledge comes only from the words of the worldly minded people. If this increases reverence and enthusiasm in the yoga sadhana then these
are not painful vritties. If this knowledge increases  nescience in the yoga sadhana
then these are painful vritties.

Complete description of rest of sutras will be mentioned in our next post of patanjali
yoga sutras.

Learn the traditional and an ancient science of yoga as it’s at
‘AYM’ An association for yoga and meditation in rishikesh, india.
Log in for more detail- www.indianyogaassociation.com

#Yogateachertraininginrishikesh  #Yogateachertraininginindia 
#Yogattcinindia  #Yogattcinrishikesh  #Yogainindia 

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A national yoga organization of india offers yoga courses and retreat in Rishikesh

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