Jnana mudra ‘ Psychic gesture of knowledge’
Assume a comfortable meditation posture. Fold the index fingers so that they touch the inside root of the thumbs. Straighten the other three fingers of each hand so that they are relaxed and and slightly apart.
Place the hands on the knees with the palms facing downward, Relax the hands and arms.
Chin mudra ( Psychic gesture of consciousness).
Chin mudra is performed in the same wayas jnana mudra, except that the palms of both hands face upwards, With the backs of the hands resting on the knees. Relax the hands and arms.
Sequence– One of these mudra should be adopted whenever practising meditation. Unless otherwise specified.
Benefits– Jnana mudra and chin mudra are simple but important psycho-neural fingers lock which make meditation asanas more powerful.
The plams and fingers of the hands have many nerve root ending which constantly emit energy. When the index fingers touches the thumb, a circuit is produced which allows the energy that would normally dissipate into the environment to travel back through the body and upto the brain.
When the fingers and hands are placed on the knees, the knees are sensitized, creating another pranic circuit that manintains and redirects prana within the body. In an addition, placing the hands on the knees stimulates a nadin which runs from the knees. up the inside things and into the Perineum. This nadi is also known as gupta or the hidden nadi. Sensitizing this channel helps to stimulate the energies at mooladhara chakra. When the palms face upward in chin mudra the chest area is opened up.
The practitioner may experience this as a sense of lighting and receptivity, which is absent in the practice of jnana mudra.
Variation– Jnana or chin mudras are often performed with the tip of the thumb and index finger is touching and forming a circle. Beginners may find this variation less secure for prolonged periods of meditation, as the thumb and index finger tend to separate more easily when body aware is lost. Otherwise this variation is as effective as the basic position.
Practice note– The effect of chin or jnana mudra is very subtle and it requires great sensitivity on the part of the practitioner to perceive the change in consciousness established with practice however the mind becomes conditioned to the mudra and when its adopted. The signal to enter a meditative state is transmitted.
Note– The word jnana means ‘ wisdom or knowledge’ and thus jnana mudra is the gesture of intuitive knowledge chin on the other hand, is derived from the word ‘chit or chitta’ which means ‘ consciousness ‘ chin mudra’, therefore is the psychic gesture of consciouness.
Published by- An association for yoga and meditation (Aym) , India.